Class wibox.layout.ratio

A layout filling all the available space.

Each widget is assigned a ratio (percentage) of the total space. Multiple methods are available to ajust this ratio.

Usage example

Usage:

    local w = wibox.widget {
        generic_widget( 'first'  ),
        generic_widget( 'second' ),
        generic_widget( 'third'  ),
        layout  = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
    w:ajust_ratio(2, 0.44, 0.33, 0.22)
    

Info:

  • Copyright: 2016 Emmanuel Lepage Vallee
  • Author: Emmanuel Lepage Vallee

Object properties

wibox.layout.ratio.children Get all direct children of this layout.
wibox.layout.ratio.spacing_widget The widget used to fill the spacing between the layout elements.
wibox.layout.ratio.spacing Add spacing between each layout widgets.
wibox.layout.ratio.inner_fill_strategy Set how the space of invisible or 0x0 sized widget is redistributed.
wibox.layout.ratio.forced_height Force a widget height.
wibox.layout.ratio.forced_width Force a widget width.
wibox.layout.ratio.opacity The widget opacity (transparency).
wibox.layout.ratio.visible The widget visibility.

Signals

widget::layout_changed When the layout (size) change.
widget::redraw_needed When the widget content changed.
button::press When a mouse button is pressed over the widget.
button::release When a mouse button is released over the widget.
mouse::enter When the mouse enter a widget.
mouse::leave When the mouse leave a widget.

Methods

wibox.layout.ratio:set (index, widget2) Set a widget at a specific index, replace the current one.
wibox.layout.ratio:replace_widget (widget, widget2[, recursive=false]) Replace the first instance of widget in the layout with widget2.
wibox.layout.ratio:swap (index1, index2) Swap 2 widgets in a layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:swap_widgets (widget1, widget2[, recursive=false]) Swap 2 widgets in a layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:reset (layout) Reset a ratio layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:inc_ratio (index, increment) Increase the ratio of “widget” If the increment produce an invalid ratio (not between 0 and 1), the method do nothing.
wibox.layout.ratio:inc_widget_ratio (widget, increment) Increment the ratio of the first instance of widget If the increment produce an invalid ratio (not between 0 and 1), the method do nothing.
wibox.layout.ratio:set_ratio (index, percent) Set the ratio of the widget at position index
wibox.layout.ratio:get_ratio (index) Get the ratio at index.
wibox.layout.ratio:set_widget_ratio (widget, percent) Set the ratio of widget to percent.
wibox.layout.ratio:ajust_ratio (index, before, itself, after) Update all widgets to match a set of a ratio.
wibox.layout.ratio:ajust_widget_ratio (widget, before, itself, after) Update all widgets to match a set of a ratio
wibox.layout.ratio:add (...) Add some widgets to the given fixed layout Signal: widget::added The argument are the widgets
wibox.layout.ratio:remove (index) Remove a widget from the layout Signal: widget::removed The arguments are the widget and the index
wibox.layout.ratio:insert (index, widget) Insert a new widget in the layout at position index Signal: widget::inserted The arguments are the widget and the index
wibox.layout.ratio:horizontal (...) Returns a new horizontal ratio layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:vertical (...) Returns a new vertical ratio layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:get_all_children () Get all direct and indirect children widgets.
wibox.layout.ratio:setup (args) Set a declarative widget hierarchy description.
wibox.layout.ratio:buttons (_buttons) Set/get a widget’s buttons.
wibox.layout.ratio:emit_signal_recursive (signal_name, ...) Emit a signal and ensure all parent widgets in the hierarchies also forward the signal.
wibox.layout.ratio:emit_signal (name, ...) Emit a signal.
wibox.layout.ratio:connect_signal (name, func) Connect to a signal.
wibox.layout.ratio:weak_connect_signal (name, func) Connect to a signal weakly.


Object properties

wibox.layout.ratio.children
Get all direct children of this layout.

Type:

  • layout The layout you are modifying.
wibox.layout.ratio.spacing_widget
The widget used to fill the spacing between the layout elements.

By default, no widget is used.

Usage example

Type:

  • widget

Usage:

    -- Use the separator widget directly
    local w1 = wibox.widget {
        spacing        = 10,
        spacing_widget = wibox.widget.separator,
        layout         = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
    -- Use a standard declarative widget construct
    local w2 = wibox.widget {
        spacing = 10,
        spacing_widget = {
            color  = '#00ff00',
            shape  = gears.shape.circle,
            widget = wibox.widget.separator,
        },
        layout = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
    -- Use composed widgets
    local w3 = wibox.widget {
        spacing = 10,
        spacing_widget = {
            {
                text   = 'F',
                widget = wibox.widget.textbox,
            },
            bg     = '#ff0000',
            widget = wibox.container.background,
        },
        layout = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
    -- Use negative spacing to create a powerline effect
    local w4 = wibox.widget {
        spacing = -12,
        spacing_widget = {
            color  = '#ff0000',
            shape  = gears.shape.powerline,
            widget = wibox.widget.separator,
        },
        layout = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
wibox.layout.ratio.spacing
Add spacing between each layout widgets.

Usage example

Type:

  • spacing number Spacing between widgets.

Usage:

    for i=1, 5 do
        local w = wibox.widget {
            first,
            second,
            third,
            spacing = i*3,
            layout  = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
        }
    end
wibox.layout.ratio.inner_fill_strategy
Set how the space of invisible or 0x0 sized widget is redistributed.

Possible values:

  • “default”: Honor the ratio and do not redistribute the space.
  • “justify”: Distribute the space among remaining widgets.
  • “center”: Squash remaining widgets and leave equal space on both side.
  • “inner_spacing”: Add equal spacing between all widgets.
  • “spacing”: Add equal spacing between all widgets and on the outside.
  • “left”: Squash remaining widgets and leave empty space on the left.
  • “right”: Squash remaining widgets and leave empty space on the right.

Usage example

Type:

  • inner_fill_strategy string One of the value listed above.
wibox.layout.ratio.forced_height
Force a widget height.

Type:

  • height number or nil The height (nil for automatic)
wibox.layout.ratio.forced_width
Force a widget width.

Type:

  • width number or nil The width (nil for automatic)
wibox.layout.ratio.opacity
The widget opacity (transparency).

Type:

  • opacity number The opacity (between 0 and 1) (default 1)
wibox.layout.ratio.visible
The widget visibility.

Type:

  • boolean

Signals

widget::layout_changed
When the layout (size) change. This signal is emitted when the previous results of :layout() and :fit() are no longer valid. Unless this signal is emitted, :layout() and :fit() must return the same result when called with the same arguments.

See also:

widget::redraw_needed
When the widget content changed. This signal is emitted when the content of the widget changes. The widget will be redrawn, it is not re-layouted. Put differently, it is assumed that :layout() and :fit() would still return the same results as before.

See also:

button::press
When a mouse button is pressed over the widget.

Arguments:

  • lx number The horizontal position relative to the (0,0) position in the widget.
  • ly number The vertical position relative to the (0,0) position in the widget.
  • button number The button number.
  • mods table The modifiers (mod4, mod1 (alt), Control, Shift)
  • find_widgets_result The entry from the result of wibox.drawable:find_widgets for the position that the mouse hit.
    • drawable wibox.drawable The drawable containing the widget.
    • widget widget The widget being displayed.
    • hierarchy wibox.hierarchy The hierarchy managing the widget’s geometry.
    • x number An approximation of the X position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • y number An approximation of the Y position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • width number An approximation of the width that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • height number An approximation of the height that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • widget_width number The exact width of the widget in its local coordinate system.
    • widget_height number The exact height of the widget in its local coordinate system.

See also:

button::release
When a mouse button is released over the widget.

Arguments:

  • lx number The horizontal position relative to the (0,0) position in the widget.
  • ly number The vertical position relative to the (0,0) position in the widget.
  • button number The button number.
  • mods table The modifiers (mod4, mod1 (alt), Control, Shift)
  • find_widgets_result The entry from the result of wibox.drawable:find_widgets for the position that the mouse hit.
    • drawable wibox.drawable The drawable containing the widget.
    • widget widget The widget being displayed.
    • hierarchy wibox.hierarchy The hierarchy managing the widget’s geometry.
    • x number An approximation of the X position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • y number An approximation of the Y position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • width number An approximation of the width that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • height number An approximation of the height that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • widget_width number The exact width of the widget in its local coordinate system.
    • widget_height number The exact height of the widget in its local coordinate system.

See also:

mouse::enter
When the mouse enter a widget.

Arguments:

  • find_widgets_result The entry from the result of wibox.drawable:find_widgets for the position that the mouse hit.
    • drawable wibox.drawable The drawable containing the widget.
    • widget widget The widget being displayed.
    • hierarchy wibox.hierarchy The hierarchy managing the widget’s geometry.
    • x number An approximation of the X position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • y number An approximation of the Y position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • width number An approximation of the width that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • height number An approximation of the height that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • widget_width number The exact width of the widget in its local coordinate system.
    • widget_height number The exact height of the widget in its local coordinate system.

See also:

mouse::leave
When the mouse leave a widget.

Arguments:

  • find_widgets_result The entry from the result of wibox.drawable:find_widgets for the position that the mouse hit.
    • drawable wibox.drawable The drawable containing the widget.
    • widget widget The widget being displayed.
    • hierarchy wibox.hierarchy The hierarchy managing the widget’s geometry.
    • x number An approximation of the X position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • y number An approximation of the Y position that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • width number An approximation of the width that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • height number An approximation of the height that the widget is visible at on the surface.
    • widget_width number The exact width of the widget in its local coordinate system.
    • widget_height number The exact height of the widget in its local coordinate system.

See also:

Methods

wibox.layout.ratio:set (index, widget2)
Set a widget at a specific index, replace the current one. Signal: widget::replaced The argument is the new widget and the old one and the index.
  • index number A widget or a widget index
  • widget2 The widget to take the place of the first one

Returns:

    boolean If the operation is successful
wibox.layout.ratio:replace_widget (widget, widget2[, recursive=false])
Replace the first instance of widget in the layout with widget2. Signal: widget::replaced The argument is the new widget and the old one and the index.
  • widget The widget to replace
  • widget2 The widget to replace widget with
  • recursive boolean Dig in all compatible layouts to find the widget. (default false)

Returns:

    boolean If the operation is successful
wibox.layout.ratio:swap (index1, index2)
Swap 2 widgets in a layout. Signal: widget::swapped The arguments are both widgets and both (new) indexes.
  • index1 number The first widget index
  • index2 number The second widget index

Returns:

    boolean If the operation is successful
wibox.layout.ratio:swap_widgets (widget1, widget2[, recursive=false])
Swap 2 widgets in a layout. If widget1 is present multiple time, only the first instance is swapped Signal: widget::swapped The arguments are both widgets and both (new) indexes. if the layouts not the same, then only widget::replaced will be emitted.
  • widget1 The first widget
  • widget2 The second widget
  • recursive boolean Dig in all compatible layouts to find the widget. (default false)

Returns:

    boolean If the operation is successful
wibox.layout.ratio:reset (layout)
Reset a ratio layout. This removes all widgets from the layout. Signal: widget::reset
  • layout The layout you are modifying.
wibox.layout.ratio:inc_ratio (index, increment)
Increase the ratio of “widget” If the increment produce an invalid ratio (not between 0 and 1), the method do nothing.

Usage example

  • index number The widget index to change
  • increment number An floating point value between -1 and 1 where the end result is within 0 and 1

Usage:

    local ret = wibox.layout.fixed.vertical()
    local w = wibox.widget {
        first,
        second,
        third,
        layout  = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
    for i=1, 5 do
        w:inc_ratio(2, 0.1)
    end
wibox.layout.ratio:inc_widget_ratio (widget, increment)
Increment the ratio of the first instance of widget If the increment produce an invalid ratio (not between 0 and 1), the method do nothing.
  • widget The widget to ajust
  • increment number An floating point value between -1 and 1 where the end result is within 0 and 1
wibox.layout.ratio:set_ratio (index, percent)
Set the ratio of the widget at position index
  • index number The index of the widget to change
  • percent number An floating point value between 0 and 1
wibox.layout.ratio:get_ratio (index)
Get the ratio at index.
  • index number The widget index to query

Returns:

    number The index (between 0 and 1)
wibox.layout.ratio:set_widget_ratio (widget, percent)
Set the ratio of widget to percent.
  • widget widget The widget to ajust.
  • percent number A floating point value between 0 and 1.
wibox.layout.ratio:ajust_ratio (index, before, itself, after)
Update all widgets to match a set of a ratio. The sum of before, itself and after must be 1 or nothing will be done.

Usage example

  • index number The index of the widget to change
  • before number The sum of the ratio before the widget
  • itself number The ratio for “widget”
  • after number The sum of the ratio after the widget

Usage:

    local ret = wibox.layout.fixed.vertical()
    local w = wibox.widget {
        first,
        second,
        third,
        layout  = wibox.layout.ratio.horizontal
    }
    local values = {
        {0.25, 0.50, 0.25},
        {0.33, 0.55, 0.12},
        {0.123, 0.456, 0.789},
        {0.123, 0, 0.789},
        {0, 1, 0},
    }
    for i=1, 5 do
        w:ajust_ratio(2, unpack(values[i]))
    end
wibox.layout.ratio:ajust_widget_ratio (widget, before, itself, after)
Update all widgets to match a set of a ratio
  • widget The widget to ajust
  • before number The sum of the ratio before the widget
  • itself number The ratio for “widget”
  • after number The sum of the ratio after the widget
wibox.layout.ratio:add (...)
Add some widgets to the given fixed layout Signal: widget::added The argument are the widgets
  • ... widget Widgets that should be added (must at least be one)
wibox.layout.ratio:remove (index)
Remove a widget from the layout Signal: widget::removed The arguments are the widget and the index
  • index number The widget index to remove

Returns:

    boolean index If the operation is successful
wibox.layout.ratio:insert (index, widget)
Insert a new widget in the layout at position index Signal: widget::inserted The arguments are the widget and the index
  • index number The position
  • widget The widget
wibox.layout.ratio:horizontal (...)
Returns a new horizontal ratio layout. A ratio layout shares the available space equally among all widgets. Widgets can be added via :add(widget).
  • ... widget Widgets that should be added to the layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:vertical (...)
Returns a new vertical ratio layout. A ratio layout shares the available space equally among all widgets. Widgets can be added via :add(widget).
  • ... widget Widgets that should be added to the layout.
wibox.layout.ratio:get_all_children ()
Get all direct and indirect children widgets. This will scan all containers recursively to find widgets Warning: This method it prone to stack overflow id the widget, or any of its children, contain (directly or indirectly) itself.

Returns:

    table The children
wibox.layout.ratio:setup (args)
Set a declarative widget hierarchy description. See The declarative layout system
  • args An array containing the widgets disposition
wibox.layout.ratio:buttons (_buttons)
Set/get a widget’s buttons.
  • _buttons The table of buttons that should bind to the widget.
wibox.layout.ratio:emit_signal_recursive (signal_name, ...)
Emit a signal and ensure all parent widgets in the hierarchies also forward the signal. This is useful to track signals when there is a dynamic set of containers and layouts wrapping the widget.
  • signal_name string
  • ... Other arguments
wibox.layout.ratio:emit_signal (name, ...)
Emit a signal.
  • name string The name of the signal
  • ... Extra arguments for the callback functions. Each connected function receives the object as first argument and then any extra arguments that are given to emit_signal()
wibox.layout.ratio:connect_signal (name, func)
Connect to a signal.
  • name string The name of the signal
  • func function The callback to call when the signal is emitted
wibox.layout.ratio:weak_connect_signal (name, func)
Connect to a signal weakly. This allows the callback function to be garbage collected and automatically disconnects the signal when that happens.

Warning: Only use this function if you really, really, really know what you are doing.

  • name string The name of the signal
  • func function The callback to call when the signal is emitted
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